从PHP页面使用GMail SMTP服务器发送电子邮件

我试图从PHP页面通过GMail的SMTP服务器发送电子邮件,但我得到这个错误:

身份validation失败[SMTP:SMTP服务器不支持身份validation(代码:250,响应:mx.google.com为您服务,[98.117.99.235] SIZE 35651584 8BITMIME STARTTLS ENHANCEDSTATUSCODESstream水线]]

谁能帮忙? 这是我的代码:

<?php require_once "Mail.php"; $from = "Sandra Sender <sender@example.com>"; $to = "Ramona Recipient <ramona@microsoft.com>"; $subject = "Hi!"; $body = "Hi,\n\nHow are you?"; $host = "smtp.gmail.com"; $port = "587"; $username = "testtest@gmail.com"; $password = "testtest"; $headers = array ('From' => $from, 'To' => $to, 'Subject' => $subject); $smtp = Mail::factory('smtp', array ('host' => $host, 'port' => $port, 'auth' => true, 'username' => $username, 'password' => $password)); $mail = $smtp->send($to, $headers, $body); if (PEAR::isError($mail)) { echo("<p>" . $mail->getMessage() . "</p>"); } else { echo("<p>Message successfully sent!</p>"); } ?> 

 // Pear Mail Library require_once "Mail.php"; $from = '<fromaddress@gmail.com>'; $to = '<toaddress@yahoo.com>'; $subject = 'Hi!'; $body = "Hi,\n\nHow are you?"; $headers = array( 'From' => $from, 'To' => $to, 'Subject' => $subject ); $smtp = Mail::factory('smtp', array( 'host' => 'ssl://smtp.gmail.com', 'port' => '465', 'auth' => true, 'username' => 'johndoe@gmail.com', 'password' => 'passwordxxx' )); $mail = $smtp->send($to, $headers, $body); if (PEAR::isError($mail)) { echo('<p>' . $mail->getMessage() . '</p>'); } else { echo('<p>Message successfully sent!</p>'); } 

使用Swift邮件程序 ,通过Gmail凭据发送邮件非常简单:

 <?php require_once 'swift/lib/swift_required.php'; $transport = Swift_SmtpTransport::newInstance('smtp.gmail.com', 465, "ssl") ->setUsername('GMAIL_USERNAME') ->setPassword('GMAIL_PASSWORD'); $mailer = Swift_Mailer::newInstance($transport); $message = Swift_Message::newInstance('Test Subject') ->setFrom(array('abc@example.com' => 'ABC')) ->setTo(array('xyz@test.com')) ->setBody('This is a test mail.'); $result = $mailer->send($message); ?> 

您的代码似乎没有使用TLS(SSL),这是将邮件传递给Google(以及使用端口465或587)所必需的 。

你可以通过设置来做到这一点

$host = "ssl://smtp.gmail.com";

你的代码看起来很像这个在主机名scheme中引用ssl://的例子 。

我不推荐梨邮件。 它自2010年以来没有更新过。还要阅读源文件; 源代码几乎是过时的,用PHP 4风格编写,并且发布了很多错误/错误(Google it)。 我正在使用Swift Mailer。

Swift Mailer集成到用PHP 5编写的任何Web应用程序中,提供灵活和优雅的面向对象的方法来发送具有多种function的电子邮件。

使用SMTP,sendmail,postfix或您自己的自定义传输实现发送电子邮件。

支持需要用户名和密码和/或encryption的服务器。

防止头注入攻击,而不剥夺请求数据内容。

发送MIME兼容的HTML /多部分电子邮件。

使用事件驱动的插件来定制库。

处理较大的附件和内存/embedded式图像,使用较less的内存。

这是一个免费的开源,你可以下载Swift Mailer并上传到你的服务器。 (function列表从所有者网站复制)。

Gmail SSL / SMTP和Swift Mailer的工作示例在这里…

 // Swift Mailer Library require_once '../path/to/lib/swift_required.php'; // Mail Transport $transport = Swift_SmtpTransport::newInstance('ssl://smtp.gmail.com', 465) ->setUsername('username@gmail.com') // Your Gmail Username ->setPassword('my_secure_gmail_password'); // Your Gmail Password // Mailer $mailer = Swift_Mailer::newInstance($transport); // Create a message $message = Swift_Message::newInstance('Wonderful Subject Here') ->setFrom(array('sender@example.com' => 'Sender Name')) // can be $_POST['email'] etc... ->setTo(array('receiver@example.com' => 'Receiver Name')) // your email / multiple supported. ->setBody('Here is the <strong>message</strong> itself. It can be text or <h1>HTML</h1>.', 'text/html'); // Send the message if ($mailer->send($message)) { echo 'Mail sent successfully.'; } else { echo 'I am sure, your configuration are not correct. :('; } 

我希望这有帮助。 快乐编码… 🙂

 <?php date_default_timezone_set('America/Toronto'); require_once('class.phpmailer.php'); //include("class.smtp.php"); // optional, gets called from within class.phpmailer.php if not already loaded $mail = new PHPMailer(); $body = "gdssdh"; //$body = eregi_replace("[\]",'',$body); $mail->IsSMTP(); // telling the class to use SMTP //$mail->Host = "ssl://smtp.gmail.com"; // SMTP server $mail->SMTPDebug = 1; // enables SMTP debug information (for testing) // 1 = errors and messages // 2 = messages only $mail->SMTPAuth = true; // enable SMTP authentication $mail->SMTPSecure = "ssl"; // sets the prefix to the servier $mail->Host = "smtp.gmail.com"; // sets GMAIL as the SMTP server $mail->Port = 465; // set the SMTP port for the GMAIL server $mail->Username = "user@gmail.com"; // GMAIL username $mail->Password = "password"; // GMAIL password $mail->SetFrom('contact@prsps.in', 'PRSPS'); //$mail->AddReplyTo("user2@gmail.com', 'First Last"); $mail->Subject = "PRSPS password"; //$mail->AltBody = "To view the message, please use an HTML compatible email viewer!"; // optional, comment out and test $mail->MsgHTML($body); $address = "user2@yahoo.co.in"; $mail->AddAddress($address, "user2"); //$mail->AddAttachment("images/phpmailer.gif"); // attachment //$mail->AddAttachment("images/phpmailer_mini.gif"); // attachment if(!$mail->Send()) { echo "Mailer Error: " . $mail->ErrorInfo; } else { echo "Message sent!"; } ?> 

SwiftMailer可以使用外部服务器发送电子邮件。

这里是一个显示如何使用Gmail服务器的例子:

 require_once "lib/Swift.php"; require_once "lib/Swift/Connection/SMTP.php"; //Connect to localhost on port 25 $swift =& new Swift(new Swift_Connection_SMTP("localhost")); //Connect to an IP address on a non-standard port $swift =& new Swift(new Swift_Connection_SMTP("217.147.94.117", 419)); //Connect to Gmail (PHP5) $swift = new Swift(new Swift_Connection_SMTP( "smtp.gmail.com", Swift_Connection_SMTP::PORT_SECURE, Swift_Connection_SMTP::ENC_TLS)); 

问题中列出的代码需要两个更改

 $host = "ssl://smtp.gmail.com"; $port = "465"; 

SSL连接需要端口465。

Gmail需要端口465,也是来自phpmailer的代码:)

通过Gmail使用phpMailer库发送邮件请从Github上下载库文件

 <?php /** * This example shows settings to use when sending via Google's Gmail servers. */ //SMTP needs accurate times, and the PHP time zone MUST be set //This should be done in your php.ini, but this is how to do it if you don't have access to that date_default_timezone_set('Etc/UTC'); require '../PHPMailerAutoload.php'; //Create a new PHPMailer instance $mail = new PHPMailer; //Tell PHPMailer to use SMTP $mail->isSMTP(); //Enable SMTP debugging // 0 = off (for production use) // 1 = client messages // 2 = client and server messages $mail->SMTPDebug = 2; //Ask for HTML-friendly debug output $mail->Debugoutput = 'html'; //Set the hostname of the mail server $mail->Host = 'smtp.gmail.com'; // use // $mail->Host = gethostbyname('smtp.gmail.com'); // if your network does not support SMTP over IPv6 //Set the SMTP port number - 587 for authenticated TLS, aka RFC4409 SMTP submission $mail->Port = 587; //Set the encryption system to use - ssl (deprecated) or tls $mail->SMTPSecure = 'tls'; //Whether to use SMTP authentication $mail->SMTPAuth = true; //Username to use for SMTP authentication - use full email address for gmail $mail->Username = "username@gmail.com"; //Password to use for SMTP authentication $mail->Password = "yourpassword"; //Set who the message is to be sent from $mail->setFrom('from@example.com', 'First Last'); //Set an alternative reply-to address $mail->addReplyTo('replyto@example.com', 'First Last'); //Set who the message is to be sent to $mail->addAddress('whoto@example.com', 'John Doe'); //Set the subject line $mail->Subject = 'PHPMailer GMail SMTP test'; //Read an HTML message body from an external file, convert referenced images to embedded, //convert HTML into a basic plain-text alternative body $mail->msgHTML(file_get_contents('contents.html'), dirname(__FILE__)); //Replace the plain text body with one created manually $mail->AltBody = 'This is a plain-text message body'; //Attach an image file $mail->addAttachment('images/phpmailer_mini.png'); //send the message, check for errors if (!$mail->send()) { echo "Mailer Error: " . $mail->ErrorInfo; } else { echo "Message sent!"; } 

要在Ubuntu中安装PEAR的Mail.php,请运行以下命令集:

  sudo apt-get install php-pear sudo pear install mail sudo pear install Net_SMTP sudo pear install Auth_SASL sudo pear install mail_mime 

我也有这个问题。 我设置了正确的设置,并启用了不太安全的应用程序,但仍然无法正常工作。 最后,我启用了这个https://accounts.google.com/UnlockCaptcha ,它对我很有帮助。 我希望这可以帮助别人。

 'auth' => false, 

另外,看看端口25是否工作。