如何使用PHP发送电子邮件?

我在网站上使用PHP,我想添加电子邮件function。

我有WAMPSERVER安装。

如何使用PHP发送电子邮件?

使用PHP的mail()函数是可能的。 记住邮件function在本地服务器中不起作用。

 <?php $to = 'nobody@example.com'; $subject = 'the subject'; $message = 'hello'; $headers = 'From: webmaster@example.com' . "\r\n" . 'Reply-To: webmaster@example.com' . "\r\n" . 'X-Mailer: PHP/' . phpversion(); mail($to, $subject, $message, $headers); ?> 

参考:

您也可以在https://github.com/PHPMailer/PHPMailer上使用PHPMailer类&#x3002;

它允许您使用邮件function或透明地使用smtp服务器。 它还处理基于HTML的电子邮件和附件,所以你不必编写自己的实现。

这个类是稳定的,它被许多其他项目,如Drupal,SugarCRM,Yii和Joomla使用!

这里是上面的一个例子:

 <?php require 'PHPMailerAutoload.php'; $mail = new PHPMailer; $mail->isSMTP(); // Set mailer to use SMTP $mail->Host = 'smtp1.example.com;smtp2.example.com'; // Specify main and backup SMTP servers $mail->SMTPAuth = true; // Enable SMTP authentication $mail->Username = 'user@example.com'; // SMTP username $mail->Password = 'secret'; // SMTP password $mail->SMTPSecure = 'tls'; // Enable encryption, 'ssl' also accepted $mail->From = 'from@example.com'; $mail->FromName = 'Mailer'; $mail->addAddress('joe@example.net', 'Joe User'); // Add a recipient $mail->addAddress('ellen@example.com'); // Name is optional $mail->addReplyTo('info@example.com', 'Information'); $mail->addCC('cc@example.com'); $mail->addBCC('bcc@example.com'); $mail->WordWrap = 50; // Set word wrap to 50 characters $mail->addAttachment('/var/tmp/file.tar.gz'); // Add attachments $mail->addAttachment('/tmp/image.jpg', 'new.jpg'); // Optional name $mail->isHTML(true); // Set email format to HTML $mail->Subject = 'Here is the subject'; $mail->Body = 'This is the HTML message body <b>in bold!</b>'; $mail->AltBody = 'This is the body in plain text for non-HTML mail clients'; if(!$mail->send()) { echo 'Message could not be sent.'; echo 'Mailer Error: ' . $mail->ErrorInfo; } else { echo 'Message has been sent'; } 

如果您对html格式的电子邮件感兴趣,请确保传递Content-type: text/html; 在标题中。 例:

 // multiple recipients $to = 'aidan@example.com' . ', '; // note the comma $to .= 'wez@example.com'; // subject $subject = 'Birthday Reminders for August'; // message $message = ' <html> <head> <title>Birthday Reminders for August</title> </head> <body> <p>Here are the birthdays upcoming in August!</p> <table> <tr> <th>Person</th><th>Day</th><th>Month</th><th>Year</th> </tr> <tr> <td>Joe</td><td>3rd</td><td>August</td><td>1970</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Sally</td><td>17th</td><td>August</td><td>1973</td> </tr> </table> </body> </html> '; // To send HTML mail, the Content-type header must be set $headers = 'MIME-Version: 1.0' . "\r\n"; $headers .= 'Content-type: text/html; charset=iso-8859-1' . "\r\n"; // Additional headers $headers .= 'To: Mary <mary@example.com>, Kelly <kelly@example.com>' . "\r\n"; $headers .= 'From: Birthday Reminder <birthday@example.com>' . "\r\n"; $headers .= 'Cc: birthdayarchive@example.com' . "\r\n"; $headers .= 'Bcc: birthdaycheck@example.com' . "\r\n"; // Mail it mail($to, $subject, $message, $headers); 

有关更多详细信息,请查看php 邮件function。

也看看梨邮件包梨邮件页

它似乎比内置的标准mail()函数更强大一些(如果标准函数不够用)。

这里是从这个页面摘录如何使用它。 PEAR邮件发送()用法

 <?php include('Mail.php'); $recipients = 'joe@example.com'; $headers['From'] = 'richard@example.com'; $headers['To'] = 'joe@example.com'; $headers['Subject'] = 'Test message'; $body = 'Test message'; $smtpinfo["host"] = "smtp.server.com"; $smtpinfo["port"] = "25"; $smtpinfo["auth"] = true; $smtpinfo["username"] = "smtp_user"; $smtpinfo["password"] = "smtp_password"; // Create the mail object using the Mail::factory method $mail_object =& Mail::factory("smtp", $smtpinfo); $mail_object->send($recipients, $headers, $body); ?> 

对于大多数项目,我现在使用Swift邮件程序 。 这是一个非常灵活和优雅的面向对象的方法来发送电子邮件,由相同的人谁给了我们stream行的Symfony框架Twig模板引擎创build


基本用法:

 require 'mail/swift_required.php'; $message = Swift_Message::newInstance() // The subject of your email ->setSubject('Jane Doe sends you a message') // The from address(es) ->setFrom(array('jane.doe@gmail.com' => 'Jane Doe')) // The to address(es) ->setTo(array('frank.stevens@gmail.com' => 'Frank Stevens')) // Here, you put the content of your email ->setBody('<h3>New message</h3><p>Here goes the rest of my message</p>', 'text/html'); if (Swift_Mailer::newInstance(Swift_MailTransport::newInstance())->send($message)) { echo json_encode([ "status" => "OK", "message" => 'Your message has been sent!' ], JSON_PRETTY_PRINT); } else { echo json_encode([ "status" => "error", "message" => 'Oops! Something went wrong!' ], JSON_PRETTY_PRINT); } 

有关如何使用Swift邮件程序的更多信息,请参阅官方文档

这是使用邮件function发送纯文本电子邮件的非常基本的方法。

 <?php $to = 'SomeOtherEmailAddress@Domain.com'; $subject = 'This is subject'; $message = 'This is body of email'; $from = "From: FirstName LastName <SomeEmailAddress@Domain.com>"; mail($to,$subject,$message,$from); 

尝试这个:

 <?php $to = "somebody@example.com"; $subject = "My subject"; $txt = "Hello world!"; $headers = "From: webmaster@example.com" . "\r\n" . "CC: somebodyelse@example.com"; mail($to,$subject,$txt,$headers); ?> 

完整的代码示例..

尝试一次..

 <?php // Multiple recipients $to = 'johny@example.com, sally@example.com'; // note the comma // Subject $subject = 'Birthday Reminders for August'; // Message $message = ' <html> <head> <title>Birthday Reminders for August</title> </head> <body> <p>Here are the birthdays upcoming in August!</p> <table> <tr> <th>Person</th><th>Day</th><th>Month</th><th>Year</th> </tr> <tr> <td>Johny</td><td>10th</td><td>August</td><td>1970</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Sally</td><td>17th</td><td>August</td><td>1973</td> </tr> </table> </body> </html> '; // To send HTML mail, the Content-type header must be set $headers[] = 'MIME-Version: 1.0'; $headers[] = 'Content-type: text/html; charset=iso-8859-1'; // Additional headers $headers[] = 'To: Mary <mary@example.com>, Kelly <kelly@example.com>'; $headers[] = 'From: Birthday Reminder <birthday@example.com>'; $headers[] = 'Cc: birthdayarchive@example.com'; $headers[] = 'Bcc: birthdaycheck@example.com'; // Mail it mail($to, $subject, $message, implode("\r\n", $headers)); ?> 

您可以使用邮件networking服务,如邮戳,Sendgrid等。

Sendgrid vs Postmark vs Amazon SES和其他电子邮件/ SMTP API提供程序?

编辑:我现在只使用Google Gmail API 。 由于严格的filter,我无法发送提醒邮件给我的雇主组织。 但只要你不垃圾邮件,Gmail就可以工作。