大dynamic大小的html表格,具有固定的滚动行和固定滚动列

我需要在网页上显示一个大表,并且需要防止滚动第一列和第一行。 我想dynamic地设置此表的垂直大小(在一些静态大小页眉/页脚页面内容之间),使其尽可能高而不会强制浏览器窗口具有垂直滚动条。

browser window\/ +--------------------------------------------------------------+ /\ | /\ /\ /\ /\ /\ /\ /\ /\ | fixed static | web page header fields and text | | size | \/ \/ \/ \/ \/ \/ \/ \/ |__\/__ | +----<<<table-scrollbar>>>>>----------------+ | /\ |+--------------+--------+--------+--------+--------+-------+ | | || | |colspan | | | fixed | | | || fixed | fixed | fixed | fixed | fixed | more> | | | |+--------------+--+--+--+---+----+--+--+--+--------+-------++ | | || fixed | | | | | | | | | | || | | |+--------------+--+--+--+---+----+--+--+--+--------+-------+t | | || fixed | | | | | | | | | | |a | | |+--------------+--+--+--+---+----+--+--+--+--------+-------+b | | || fixed | | | | | | | | | | |l | | |+--------------+--+--+--+---+----+--+--+--+--------+-------+e | set || fixed | | | | | | | | | | || | dynamic || multi-line | | | | | | | | | | |s | size at |+--------------+--+--+--+---+----+--+--+--+--------+-------+c | runtime || fixed | | | | | | | | | | |r | | |+--------------+--+--+--+---+----+--+--+--+--------+-------+o | | || fixed | | | | | | | | | | |l | | |+--------------+--+--+--+---+----+--+--+--+--------+-------+l | | || fixed | | | | | | | | | | |b | | || | | | | | | | | | | |a |+--------------+--+--+--+---+----+--+--+--+--------+-------+r | | || fixed, moreV | | | | | | | | | | || | | |+--------------+--+--+--+---+----+--+--+--+--------+-------++ |__\/__ | /\ /\ /\ /\ /\ /\ /\ /\ | /\ | web page footer fields and text | fixed static | \/ \/ \/ \/ \/ \/ \/ \/ | | size +--------------------------------------------------------------+ \/ 

这只需要在现代浏览器,使用所有/任何:HTML,CSSJavaScriptjQuery的工作

重要性顺序:

  • 与许多表单字段的复杂表,隐藏值,行的JavaScript折叠等,我将在稍后添加
  • 第一排将有colspans
  • 行将有可变的高度
  • 第一行:从垂直滚动固定,但可以水平滚动
  • 第一列:从水平滚动固定,但可以滚动垂直
  • dynamic调整这个“表”来填充静态大小的页眉/页脚html之间的屏幕
  • 滚动条的位置(如我上面的真棒ascii艺术所示)并不重要。

这里是一个非常基本的HTML样本的屏幕,没有任何滚动/大小function:

 <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"> <HTML> <HEAD> <TITLE>big scrolling table example</TITLE> </HEAD> <BODY> <form name="MyForm" method="POST" action=""> <!-- static size header junk--><!-- static size header junk--><!-- static size header junk--> <table border="1" width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0" align="center"> <tr> <td width="35%" align="left">header junk left</td> <td >- HEADER JUNK MIDDLE -</td> <td width="35%" align="right">header junk right</td> </tr> </table> <br> <table border="0" width="95%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0" align="center"> <tr> <td width="60%" align="left">header junk left</td> <td width="40%" align="right">check it out! <input type="checkbox" onchange="alert('your javascript here');" value="Y" name="checkitout"></td> </tr> <!-- big table here!!--><!-- big table here!!--><!-- big table here!!--><!-- big table here!!--> <table border="1" width="95%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0" align="center"> <tr> <td>fixed can be long<br>or short</td> <td colspan="4">scroll A</td> <td colspan="2">scroll B</td> <td >scroll C</td> <td colspan="4">scroll D</td> <td colspan="2">scroll E</td> <td >scroll F</td> <td colspan="4">scroll G</td> <td colspan="2">scroll H</td> <td >scroll I</td> <td colspan="4">scroll J</td> <td colspan="2">scroll K</td> <td >scroll L</td> <td colspan="4">scroll M</td> <td colspan="2">scroll N</td> <td >scroll O</td> </tr> <tr> <td>fixed 2</td> <td>1 1 1 1 1 A</td><td>2 2 2 2 2 A</td><td>3 3 3 3 3 A</td><td>4 4 4 4 4 A</td> <td>1 B</td><td>2 B</td> <td >1 C</td> <td>1 D</td><td>2 D</td><td>3 D</td><td>4 D<br>more...</td> <td>1 E</td><td>2 E</td> <td >1 F</td> <td>1 1 1 G</td><td>2 2 G</td><td>3 G</td><td>4 4 4 4 G</td> <td>1 H</td><td>222 H</td> <td >1 I</td> <td>1 J</td><td>2 J</td><td>3 J</td><td>4 J</td> <td>1 K</td><td>2 2 K<br>more..<br>more..</td> <td >1 L</td> <td>1 M</td><td>22 M</td><td>333 M</td><td>4444 M</td> <td>1 N</td><td>2 N</td> <td >1 1 1 1 1 1 1 O</td> </tr> <tr> <td>fixed 3</td> <td>1 1 1 1 1 A</td><td>2 2 2 2 2 A</td><td>3 3 3 3 3 A</td><td>4 4 4 4 4 A</td> <td>1 B</td><td>2 B</td> <td >1 C</td> <td>1 D</td><td>2 D</td><td>3 D</td><td>4 D<br>more...</td> <td>1 E</td><td>2 E</td> <td >1 F</td> <td>1 1 1 G</td><td>2 2 G</td><td>3 G</td><td>4 4 4 4 G</td> <td>1 H</td><td>222 H</td> <td >1 I</td> <td>1 J</td><td>2 J</td><td>3 J</td><td>4 J</td> <td>1 K</td><td>2 2 K<br>more..<br>more..</td> <td >1 L</td> <td>1 M</td><td>22 M</td><td>333 M</td><td>4444 M</td> <td>1 N</td><td>2 N</td> <td >1 1 1 1 1 1 1 O</td> </tr> <tr> <td>fixed 4</td> <td>1 1 1 1 1 A</td><td>2 2 2 2 2 A</td><td>3 3 3 3 3 A</td><td>4 4 4 4 4 A</td> <td>1 B</td><td>2 B</td> <td >1 C</td> <td>1 D</td><td>2 D</td><td>3 D</td><td>4 D<br>more...<br>more...<br>more...<br>more...</td> <td>1 E</td><td>2 E</td> <td >1 F</td> <td>1 1 1 G</td><td>2 2 G</td><td>3 G</td><td>4 4 4 4 G</td> <td>1 H</td><td>222 H</td> <td >1 I</td> <td>1 J</td><td>2 J</td><td>3 J</td><td>4 J</td> <td>1 K</td><td>2 2 K<br>more..<br>more..</td> <td >1 L</td> <td>1 M</td><td>22 M</td><td>333 M</td><td>4444 M</td> <td>1 N</td><td>2 N</td> <td >1 1 1 1 1 1 1 O</td> </tr> <tr> <td>fixed 5</td> <td>1 1 1 1 1 A</td><td>2 2 2 2 2 A</td><td>3 3 3 3 3 A</td><td>4 4 4 4 4 A</td> <td>1 B</td><td>2 B</td> <td >1 C</td> <td>1 D</td><td>2 D</td><td>3 D</td><td>4 D<br>more...</td> <td>1 E</td><td>2 E</td> <td >1 F</td> <td>1 1 1 G</td><td>2 2 G</td><td>3 G</td><td>4 4 4 4 G</td> <td>1 H</td><td>222 H<br>H<br>H<br>H<br>H</td> <td >1 I</td> <td>1 J</td><td>2 J</td><td>3 J</td><td>4 J</td> <td>1 K</td><td>2 2 K<br>more..<br>more..</td> <td >1 L</td> <td>1 M</td><td>22 M</td><td>333 M</td><td>4444 M</td> <td>1 N</td><td>2 N</td> <td >1 1 1 1 1 1 1 O</td> </tr> <tr> <td>fixed 6<br>6<br>6<br>6</td> <td>1 1 1 1 1 A</td><td>2 2 2 2 2 A</td><td>3 3 3 3 3 A</td><td>4 4 4 4 4 A</td> <td>1 B</td><td>2 B</td> <td >1 C</td> <td>1 D</td><td>2 D</td><td>3 D</td><td>4 D<br>more...</td> <td>1 E</td><td>2 E</td> <td >1 F</td> <td>1 1 1 G</td><td>2 2 G</td><td>3 G</td><td>4 4 4 4 G</td> <td>1 H</td><td>222 H</td> <td >1 I</td> <td>1 J</td><td>2 J</td><td>3 J</td><td>4 J</td> <td>1 K</td><td>2 2 K<br>more..<br>more..</td> <td >1 L</td> <td>1 M</td><td>22 M</td><td>333 M</td><td>4444 M</td> <td>1 N</td><td>2 N</td> <td >1 1 1 1 1 1 1 O</td> </tr> </table> <!-- static size footer junk--><!-- static size footer junk--><!-- static size footer junk--><!-- static size footer junk--> <table border="1" width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0" align="center"> <tr> <td width="35%" align="left">footer junk left</td> <td >- FOOTER JUNK MIDDLE -</td> <td width="35%" align="right">footer junk right</td> </tr> </form> </BODY> </HTML> 

6 Solutions collect form web for “大dynamic大小的html表格,具有固定的滚动行和固定滚动列”

编辑5: – 添加了可configuration的固定行和列。 – 修正了列宽和高度问题 – 减less了复杂select器的使用

用法:

  $('#cTable').cTable({ width: 1300, height: 500, fCols: 2, fRows: 2 }); 

演示: http : //jsfiddle.net/rCuPf/7/embedded/result/ (更新演示)

编辑4:更新列1上的colSpan。 演示: http : //jsfiddle.net/skram/rKjk3/26/

编辑3:做了一些清理和一些修复: http : //jsfiddle.net/rKjk3/22testingIE9,FF和Chrome。 (我现在没有最新的IE来testing它)

编辑2:修复IE浏览器: http : //jsfiddle.net/rKjk3/15/embedded/result/ (见上面最新)

编辑1:修正调整窗口http://jsfiddle.net/rKjk3/11/ (见上面最新)

  • 添加了window.resize事件处理程序来设置rightContainer的宽度,以便在resize时增加实际表格的宽度。
  • SBWrapper上移除固定宽度,以便充分利用容器内的可用空间。

我为您的要求创build了2个演示。

  1. 示例显示如何使用简单的标记结构呈现HTML。 这将允许您查看正在呈现的结构以及它如何工作:)
    DEMO: http : //jsfiddle.net/GmJ22/7/

  2. 带有您发布的标记的实际演示。 代码只是粗略的版本,可能需要一些清理。 现在你可以configuration表格的宽度和高度。 我张贴它,让你可以看看,给我一些反馈。
    DEMO: http : //jsfiddle.net/rKjk3/10/embedded/result/ (见下面的固定版本)

完整代码:

 <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd"> <HTML> <HEAD> <TITLE>big scrolling table example</TITLE> <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.7.2/jquery.min.js"></script> <script> $(function() { $.fn.cTable = function(o) { this.wrap('<div class="cTContainer" />'); this.wrap('<div class="relativeContainer" />'); //Update below template as how you have it in orig table var origTableTmpl = '<table border="1" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0" align="center" width="95%" ></table>'; //get row 1 and clone it for creating sub tables var row1 = this.find('tr').slice(0, o.fRows).clone(); var r1c1ColSpan = 0; for (var i = 0; i < o.fCols; i++ ) { r1c1ColSpan += this[0].rows[0].cells[i].colSpan; } //create table with just r1c1 which is fixed for both scrolls var tr1c1 = $(origTableTmpl); row1.each(function () { var tdct = 0; $(this).find('td').filter( function () { tdct += this.colSpan; return tdct > r1c1ColSpan; }).remove(); }); row1.appendTo(tr1c1); tr1c1.wrap('<div class="fixedTB" />'); tr1c1.parent().prependTo(this.closest('.relativeContainer')); //create a table with just c1 var c1= this.clone().prop({'id': ''}); c1.find('tr').slice(0, o.fRows).remove(); c1.find('tr').each(function (idx) { var c = 0; $(this).find('td').filter(function () { c += this.colSpan; return c > r1c1ColSpan; }).remove(); }); var prependRow = row1.first().clone(); prependRow.find('td').empty(); c1.prepend(prependRow).wrap('<div class="leftSBWrapper" />') c1.parent().wrap('<div class="leftContainer" />'); c1.closest('.leftContainer').insertAfter('.fixedTB'); //create table with just row 1 without col 1 var r1 = $(origTableTmpl); row1 = this.find('tr').slice(0, o.fRows).clone(); row1.each(function () { var tds = $(this).find('td'), tdct = 0; tds.filter (function () { tdct += this.colSpan; return tdct <= r1c1ColSpan; }).remove(); }); row1.appendTo(r1); r1.wrap('<div class="topSBWrapper" />') r1.parent().wrap('<div class="rightContainer" />') r1.closest('.rightContainer').appendTo('.relativeContainer'); $('.relativeContainer').css({'width': 'auto', 'height': o.height}); this.wrap('<div class="SBWrapper"> /') this.parent().appendTo('.rightContainer'); this.prop({'width': o.width}); var tw = 0; //set width and height of rendered tables for (var i = 0; i < o.fCols; i++) { tw += $(this[0].rows[0].cells[i]).outerWidth(true); } tr1c1.width(tw); c1.width(tw); $('.rightContainer').css('left', tr1c1.outerWidth(true)); for (var i = 0; i < o.fRows; i++) { var tr1c1Ht = $(c1[0].rows[i]).outerHeight(true); var thisHt = $(this[0].rows[i]).outerHeight(true); var finHt = (tr1c1Ht > thisHt)?tr1c1Ht:thisHt; $(tr1c1[0].rows[i]).height(finHt); $(r1[0].rows[i]).height(finHt); } $('.leftContainer').css({'top': tr1c1.outerHeight(true), 'width': tr1c1.outerWidth(true)}); var rtw = $('.relativeContainer').width() - tw; $('.rightContainer').css({'width' : rtw, 'height': o.height, 'max-width': o.width - tw}); var trs = this.find('tr'); trs.slice(1, o.fRows).remove(); trs.slice(0, 1).find('td').empty(); trs.each(function () { var c = 0; $(this).find('td').filter(function () { c += this.colSpan; return c <= r1c1ColSpan; }).remove(); }); r1.width(this.outerWidth(true)); for (var i = 1; i < c1[0].rows.length; i++) { var c1Ht = $(c1[0].rows[i]).outerHeight(true); var thisHt = $(this[0].rows[i]).outerHeight(true); var finHt = (c1Ht > thisHt)?c1Ht:thisHt; $(c1[0].rows[i]).height(finHt); $(this[0].rows[i]).height(finHt); } $('.SBWrapper').css({'height': $('.relativeContainer').height() - $('.topSBWrapper').height()}); $('.SBWrapper').scroll(function () { var rc = $(this).closest('.relativeContainer'); var lfW = rc.find('.leftSBWrapper'); var tpW = rc.find('.topSBWrapper'); lfW.css('top', ($(this).scrollTop()*-1)); tpW.css('left', ($(this).scrollLeft()*-1)); }); $(window).resize(function () { $('.rightContainer').width(function () { return $(this).closest('.relativeContainer').outerWidth() - $(this).siblings('.leftContainer').outerWidth(); }); }); } $('#cTable').cTable({ width: 1300, height: 500, fCols: 2, fRows: 2 }); }); </script> <style> .cTContainer { overflow: hidden; padding: 2px; } .cTContainer table { table-layout: fixed; } .relativeContainer { position: relative; overflow: hidden;} .fixedTB { position: absolute; z-index: 11; } .leftContainer { position: absolute; overflow: hidden; } .rightContainer { position: absolute; overflow: hidden; } .leftSBWrapper { position: relative; z-index: 10; } .topSBWrapper { position: relative; z-index: 10; width: 100%; } .SBWrapper { width: 100%; overflow: auto; } td { background-color: white; overflow: hidden; padding: 1px; } </style> </HEAD> <BODY> <form name="MyForm" method="POST" action=""> <table border="1" width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0" align="center"> <tr> <td width="35%" align="left">header junk left</td> <td >- HEADER JUNK MIDDLE -</td> <td width="35%" align="right">header junk right</td> </tr> </table> <br /> <table border="0" width="95%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0" align="center"> <tr> <td width="60%" align="left">header junk left</td> <td width="40%" align="right">check it out! <input type="checkbox" onchange="alert('your javascript here');" value="Y" name="checkitout"></td> </tr> </table> <!-- big table here!!--><!-- big table here!!--><!-- big table here!!--><!-- big table here!!--> <table border="1" width="95%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0" align="center" id="cTable" > <tr> <td width="5%" colspan="3">fixed can be long<br>or short</td> <td width="9%" colspan="4">scroll A</td> <td width="7%" colspan="2">scroll B</td> <td width="3%">scroll C</td> <td width="9%" colspan="4">scroll D</td> <td width="7%" colspan="2">scroll E</td> <td width="3%">scroll F</td> <td width="9%" colspan="4">scroll G</td> <td width="7%" colspan="2">scroll H</td> <td width="3%">scroll I</td> <td width="9%" colspan="4">scroll J</td> <td width="7%" colspan="2">scroll K</td> <td width="3%">scroll L</td> <td width="9%" colspan="4">scroll M</td> <td width="7%" colspan="2">scroll N</td> <td width="3%">scroll O</td> </tr> <tr> <td width="5%" colspan="3">2nd fixed header</td> <td width="9%" colspan="4">scroll 2A</td> <td width="7%">scroll 2B-1</td> <td width="7%">scroll 2B-2 </td> <td width="3%">scroll 2C</td> <td width="9%" colspan="4">scroll 2D</td> <td width="7%" colspan="2">scroll 2E</td> <td width="3%">scroll 2F</td> <td width="9%" colspan="4">scroll 2G</td> <td width="7%" colspan="2">scroll 2H</td> <td width="3%">scroll 2I</td> <td width="9%" colspan="4">scroll 2J</td> <td width="7%" colspan="2">scroll 2K</td> <td width="3%">scroll 2L</td> <td width="9%" colspan="4">scroll 2M</td> <td width="7%" colspan="2">scroll 2N</td> <td width="3%">scroll 2O</td> </tr> <tr> <td>2</td> <td>2</td> <td>2</td> <td>1 1 1 1 1 A</td> <td>2 2 2 2 2 A</td> <td>3 3 3 3 3 A</td> <td>4 4 4 4 4 A</td> <td>1 B</td> <td>2 B</td> <td >1 C</td> <td>1 D</td> <td>2 D</td> <td>3 D</td> <td>4 D<br>more...</td> <td>1 E</td> <td>2 E</td> <td >1 F</td> <td>1 1 1 G</td> <td>2 2 G</td> <td>3 G</td> <td>4 4 4 4 G</td> <td>1 H</td> <td>222 H</td> <td >1 I</td> <td>1 J</td> <td>2 J</td> <td>3 J</td> <td>4 J</td> <td>1 K</td> <td>2 2 K<br>more..<br>more..</td> <td >1 L</td> <td>1 M</td> <td>22 M</td> <td>333 M</td> <td>4444 M</td> <td>1 N</td> <td>2 N</td> <td >1 1 1 1 1 1 1 O</td> </tr> <tr> <td colspan="2">fixed 3</td> <td>3</td> <td>1 1 1 1 1 A</td><td>2 2 2 2 2 A</td><td>3 3 3 3 3 A</td><td>4 4 4 4 4 A</td> <td>1 B</td><td>2 B</td> <td >1 C</td> <td>1 D</td><td>2 D</td><td>3 D</td><td>4 D<br>more...</td> <td>1 E</td><td>2 E</td> <td >1 F</td> <td>1 1 1 G</td><td>2 2 G</td><td>3 G</td><td>4 4 4 4 G</td> <td>1 H</td><td>222 H</td> <td >1 I</td> <td>1 J</td><td>2 J</td><td>3 J</td><td>4 J</td> <td>1 K</td><td>2 2 K<br>more..<br>more..</td> <td >1 L</td> <td>1 M</td><td>22 M</td><td>333 M</td><td>4444 M</td> <td>1 N</td><td>2 N</td> <td >1 1 1 1 1 1 1 O</td> </tr> <tr> <td colspan="3">fixed 4</td> <td>1 1 1 1 1 A</td><td>2 2 2 2 2 A</td><td>3 3 3 3 3 A</td><td>4 4 4 4 4 A</td> <td>1 B</td><td>2 B</td> <td >1 C</td> <td>1 D</td><td>2 D</td><td>3 D</td><td>4 D<br>more...<br>more...<br>more...<br>more...</td> <td>1 E</td><td>2 E</td> <td >1 F</td> <td>1 1 1 G</td><td>2 2 G</td><td>3 G</td><td>4 4 4 4 G</td> <td>1 H</td><td>222 H</td> <td >1 I</td> <td>1 J</td><td>2 J</td><td>3 J</td><td>4 J</td> <td>1 K</td><td>2 2 K<br>more..<br>more..</td> <td >1 L</td> <td>1 M</td><td>22 M</td><td>333 M</td><td>4444 M</td> <td>1 N</td><td>2 N</td> <td >1 1 1 1 1 1 1 O</td> </tr> <tr> <td colspan="3">fixed 5</td> <td>1 1 1 1 1 A</td><td>2 2 2 2 2 A</td><td>3 3 3 3 3 A</td><td>4 4 4 4 4 A</td> <td>1 B</td><td>2 B</td> <td >1 C</td> <td>1 D</td><td>2 D</td><td>3 D</td><td>4 D<br>more...</td> <td>1 E</td><td>2 E</td> <td >1 F</td> <td>1 1 1 G</td><td>2 2 G</td><td>3 G</td><td>4 4 4 4 G</td> <td>1 H</td><td>222 H<br>H<br>H<br>H<br>H</td> <td >1 I</td> <td>1 J</td><td>2 J</td><td>3 J</td><td>4 J</td> <td>1 K</td><td>2 2 K<br>more..<br>more..</td> <td >1 L</td> <td>1 M</td><td>22 M</td><td>333 M</td><td>4444 M</td> <td>1 N</td><td>2 N</td> <td >1 1 1 1 1 1 1 O</td> </tr> <tr> <td>6</td> <td>6</td> <td>6</td> <td>1 1 1 1 1 A</td><td>2 2 2 2 2 A</td><td>3 3 3 3 3 A</td><td>4 4 4 4 4 A</td> <td>1 B</td><td>2 B</td> <td >1 C</td> <td>1 D</td><td>2 D</td><td>3 D</td><td>4 D<br>more...</td> <td>1 E</td><td>2 E</td> <td >1 F</td> <td>1 1 1 G</td><td>2 2 G</td><td>3 G</td><td>4 4 4 4 G</td> <td>1 H</td><td>222 H</td> <td >1 I</td> <td>1 J</td><td>2 J</td><td>3 J</td><td>4 J</td> <td>1 K</td><td>2 2 K<br>more..<br>more..</td> <td >1 L</td> <td>1 M</td><td>22 M</td><td>333 M</td><td>4444 M</td> <td>1 N</td><td>2 N</td> <td >1 1 1 1 1 1 1 O</td> </tr> </table> <br /> <!-- static size footer junk--><!-- static size footer junk--><!-- static size footer junk--><!-- static size footer junk--> <table border="1" width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0" align="center"> <tr> <td width="35%" align="left">footer junk left</td> <td >- FOOTER JUNK MIDDLE -</td> <td width="35%" align="right">footer junk right</td> </tr> </table> </form> </BODY> </HTML> 

我同意@ FedericoGiust的答案 ; 但是因为你问了更多细节

 <script type="text/javascript" src="http://code.jquery.com/jquery-1.7.2.min.js"> </script> <script type="text/javascript" src="http://datatables.net/download/build/jquery.dataTables.min.js"> </script> <script type="text/javascript" src="http://datatables.net/download/build/FixedColumns.min.js"> </script> <script type="text/javascript"> $(document).ready(function() { var oTable = $('#bigtable').dataTable({ "sScrollY": "300px", // set vertical size dynamically here "sScrollX": "100%", "bPaginate": false, "bFilter": false }); new FixedColumns(oTable); });​ </script> 

您需要添加一行虚拟列标题,以便Datatables将应付colspans。

在jsfiddle上看到它。

你可以使用DataTables

数据表

这是一个惊人的表jquery插件,它也有一个有趣的额外和插件,包括固定的页眉和页脚,列sorting,可变宽度,固定宽度,ajax和更多的插件。

与普通表一起工作,它只会改变标题单元格(不删除,复制或者不在表格元素注入之外)。 这具有允许在任何单元格中的任何维度的内容(+允许dynamic修改该内容)的优点。

看到它的行动: fullpage.html , overflow_scroll.html , fullpage_untouched.html 。

在滚动时,垂直和水平方向的细胞应保持可见和alignment。

该解决scheme不使用任何框架。 随意使用jQuery或原型(或任何其他框架)replace现有的助手(滚动偏移量)。

在对表格内容进行dynamic更改时,应该添加代码钩子来调用_table_make_fixed_header_reposition

我没有在Windows XP上进行testing(在所有浏览器中加速渲染都不存在)。

蓝色的背景,阴影,边界等只是CSS很酷的东西。 你可以做到这一点,不pipe你想要的,你只需要创build一个普通的表(只需添加单元格样式在.DivWrapper而不是TH )。

 <!DOCTYPE html> <body> <head> <style> .TableLarge td, .TableLarge th{ border-style: solid; border-width: 1px; border-color: #CAE3EF; padding: 7px; white-space: nowrap; font-family: Verdana; font-size: 10px; } .TableLarge{ border-style: none; border-collapse: collapse; } #padding_for_test{ height: 3000px; width: 9000px; } </style> <script type="text/javascript"> function table_make_fixed_header(elTable, bHorizontal, bVertical, nRepositionIntervalMilliseconds, bWrappedByScrollableDiv) { if(!bHorizontal && !bVertical) return; if(!elTable.id) elTable.id="FixedVH_Headers_"+(new Date().getTime())+Math.floor(Math.random()*10000000); var zIndex=1; if(window.getComputedStyle) zIndex=parseInt(window.getComputedStyle(elTable))?parseInt(window.getComputedStyle(elTable))+1:1; var fnSetupHeaderCell=function(elCell, zIndex) { var elDivWrapper=document.createElement("div"); elDivWrapper.setAttribute("style", "-moz-box-shadow: 3px 3px 4px #aaaaaa; -webkit-box-shadow: 3px 3px 4px #aaaaaa; box-shadow: 3px 3px 4px #aaaaaa;"); elDivWrapper.style.zIndex=zIndex; elDivWrapper.style.backgroundColor="#0000ee"; elDivWrapper.style.color="white"; elDivWrapper.style.padding="3px"; elDivWrapper.className="DivWrapper"; elDivWrapper.style.position="relative"; while(elCell.childNodes.length) elDivWrapper.appendChild(elCell.childNodes[0]); elCell.appendChild(elDivWrapper); }; if(bVertical) for(var r=bHorizontal?1:0; r<elTable.rows.length; r++) fnSetupHeaderCell(elTable.rows[r].cells[0], zIndex); if(bHorizontal) for(var c=bVertical?1:0; c<elTable.rows[0].cells.length; c++) fnSetupHeaderCell(elTable.rows[0].cells[c], zIndex); _table_make_fixed_header_reposition(elTable.id, bHorizontal, bVertical, bWrappedByScrollableDiv); //this could be CPU intensive, depending on the number of events fired and size of the table. var onScrollEventHandler=function(ev){ _table_make_fixed_header_reposition(elTable.id, bHorizontal, bVertical, bWrappedByScrollableDiv); }; var elScrollable=bWrappedByScrollableDiv?elTable.parentNode:window; if(elScrollable.addEventListener) elScrollable.addEventListener('scroll', onScrollEventHandler, false); else if (elScrollable.attachEvent) elScrollable.attachEvent('scroll', onScrollEventHandler); //this is undesired for performance reasons, hooks and event listeners are prefered instead. if(nRepositionIntervalMilliseconds>0) setInterval("_table_make_fixed_header_reposition('"+elTable.id+"', "+(bHorizontal?"true":"false")+", "+(bVertical?"true":"false")+", "+(bWrappedByScrollableDiv?"true":"false")+")", nRepositionIntervalMilliseconds); } function _table_make_fixed_header_reposition(strTableID, bHorizontal, bVertical, bWrappedByScrollableDiv) { var elTable=document.getElementById(strTableID); var strLeft; var strTop; if(bWrappedByScrollableDiv) { strLeft=Math.min(Math.max(elTable.parentNode.scrollLeft-elTable.offsetLeft+elTable.parentNode.offsetLeft, 0), elTable.offsetWidth)+"px"; strTop=Math.min(Math.max(elTable.parentNode.scrollTop-elTable.offsetTop+elTable.parentNode.offsetTop, 0), elTable.offsetHeight)+"px"; } else { strLeft=Math.min(Math.max(f_scrollLeft()-elTable.offsetLeft, 0), elTable.offsetWidth)+"px"; strTop=Math.min(Math.max(f_scrollTop()-elTable.offsetTop, 0), elTable.offsetHeight)+"px"; } if(bVertical) for(var r=bHorizontal?1:0; r<elTable.rows.length; r++) elTable.rows[r].cells[0].childNodes[0].style.left=strLeft; if(bHorizontal) for(var c=bVertical?1:0; c<elTable.rows[0].cells.length; c++) elTable.rows[0].cells[c].childNodes[0].style.top=strTop; } //http://www.softcomplex.com/docs/get_window_size_and_scrollbar_position.html function f_scrollLeft(){ return f_filterResults ( window.pageXOffset ? window.pageXOffset : 0, document.documentElement ? document.documentElement.scrollLeft : 0, document.body ? document.body.scrollLeft : 0 ); } function f_scrollTop() { return f_filterResults ( window.pageYOffset ? window.pageYOffset : 0, document.documentElement ? document.documentElement.scrollTop : 0, document.body ? document.body.scrollTop : 0 ); } function f_filterResults(n_win, n_docel, n_body) { var n_result = n_win ? n_win : 0; if (n_docel && (!n_result || (n_result > n_docel))) n_result = n_docel; return n_body && (!n_result || (n_result > n_body)) ? n_body : n_result; } //you should add an event handler for onload here </script> </head> <body> <p> Vertical and horizontal th cells should remain visible and aligned while scrolling.<br> This solution does not use any frameworks. Feel free to replace existing helpers (scroll offsets) using jquery or prototype (or any other framework). </p> <div style="width: 800px; height: 600px; overflow: scroll"> <table class="TableLarge" id="mySpecialHugeTable"> <tr> <th>Fixed!</th> <th>Fixed!</th> <th>Fixed!</th> <th>Fixed!</th> <th>Fixed!</th> <th>Fixed!</th> <th>Fixed!</th> <th>Fixed!</th> <th>Fixed!</th> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!</th> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!</th> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!<br>multi-line</th> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!</th> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!</th> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!</th> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!</th> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!<br>multi-line</th> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!</th> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!</th> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!<br>multi-line</th> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!</th> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!</th> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!</th> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!</th> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!</th> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!</th> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!</th> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!<br>multi-line</th> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!</th> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!</th> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!</th> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!</th> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!</th> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!<br>multi-line</th> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!</th> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!</th> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!</th> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> </tr> <tr> <th>Fixed!</th> <td>The goose is pretty.</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>Hello world!</td> <td>Umm...how is this done again?</td> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>My mother has apples.</td> <td>I think Javascript is some kind of Voodoo on the DOM.</td> <td>This is a very short story...Real short.</td> </tr> </table> </div> <div id="padding_for_test">&nbsp;</div> <script type="text/javascript"> table_make_fixed_header(document.getElementById("mySpecialHugeTable"), /*bHorizontal*/ true, /*bVertical*/ true, 1000, /*bWrappedByScrollableDiv*/ true); </script> </body> </html> 

It should be fairly easy to delete some CSS and make the fixed cells identical to scrollable cells. Also if you want a dedicated scrollbar, you could wrap this in a scrollable DIV and adjust inside _table_make_fixed_header_reposition by using the DIV 's scroll offsets too.

Edit : updated code to keep headers as close to edge as possible, when table goes outside the viewport (+option to choose between vertical or horizontal headers, or both).

Edit2 : added scrollable div support, and made this the default in the example.

If you'd rather not go with a plugin, combine fixed header vertical scrolling (CSS)

 tbody{display:block;overflow-y:auto;/*+fixed height set w/jQuery etc*/} 

​with the fixed first column horizontal scrolling (JS)

 $('#table-container').scroll(function() { var _left = $(this).scrollLeft(); $('#table th').css('left', _left); //"stick" the first column to viewport }); #table-container{overflow-x:scroll;/*+fixed width set*/} thead, tbody{display:block;} th {position:relative;left:0;/*gets adjusted with JS above*/} 

Fiddle'd here , this does not address resizing to fit browser dimensions though. Assuming it will be run in a dedicated window, it would be fairly trivial; if not and it's intended to be run in-page, it would be rather tough keeping it uncluttered.

祝你好运。

If you don't like to use heavy loaded plugins you could do:

Create a table with only the fixed table header

Create a div with fixed width (remember the scrollbar width) and height and set scrolling Y direction. Within this div you place the body of the table.

Create the 3th and last table and place the table below the div to make it look like 1 big table.

 <table> HEADER </table> <div><table> BODY </table></div> (div is scrollable) <table> Foot </table> 

If you need to make changes dynamicly use bare javascript, you don't need to use jquery or other heavy plugin.

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