将每张工作表保存在工作簿中以分隔CSV文件

如何将每个工作表保存在Excel工作簿中以使用macros分隔CSV文件?

我有一个多张工作表,我正在寻找一个macros,将每个工作表保存到一个单独的CSV (comma separated file) 。 Excel将不允许您将所有工作表保存到不同的CSV文件。

6 Solutions collect form web for “将每张工作表保存在工作簿中以分隔CSV文件”

这里是一个会给你一个可视化文件select器来select你想要保存文件的文件夹,也可以让你selectCSV分隔符(我使用pipe道'|',因为我的字段包含逗号,我不想处理与报价):

 ' ---------------------- Directory Choosing Helper Functions ----------------------- ' Excel and VBA do not provide any convenient directory chooser or file chooser ' dialogs, but these functions will provide a reference to a system DLL ' with the necessary capabilities Private Type BROWSEINFO ' used by the function GetFolderName hOwner As Long pidlRoot As Long pszDisplayName As String lpszTitle As String ulFlags As Long lpfn As Long lParam As Long iImage As Long End Type Private Declare Function SHGetPathFromIDList Lib "shell32.dll" _ Alias "SHGetPathFromIDListA" (ByVal pidl As Long, ByVal pszPath As String) As Long Private Declare Function SHBrowseForFolder Lib "shell32.dll" _ Alias "SHBrowseForFolderA" (lpBrowseInfo As BROWSEINFO) As Long Function GetFolderName(Msg As String) As String ' returns the name of the folder selected by the user Dim bInfo As BROWSEINFO, path As String, r As Long Dim X As Long, pos As Integer bInfo.pidlRoot = 0& ' Root folder = Desktop If IsMissing(Msg) Then bInfo.lpszTitle = "Select a folder." ' the dialog title Else bInfo.lpszTitle = Msg ' the dialog title End If bInfo.ulFlags = &H1 ' Type of directory to return X = SHBrowseForFolder(bInfo) ' display the dialog ' Parse the result path = Space$(512) r = SHGetPathFromIDList(ByVal X, ByVal path) If r Then pos = InStr(path, Chr$(0)) GetFolderName = Left(path, pos - 1) Else GetFolderName = "" End If End Function '---------------------- END Directory Chooser Helper Functions ---------------------- Public Sub DoTheExport() Dim FName As Variant Dim Sep As String Dim wsSheet As Worksheet Dim nFileNum As Integer Dim csvPath As String Sep = InputBox("Enter a single delimiter character (eg, comma or semi-colon)", _ "Export To Text File") 'csvPath = InputBox("Enter the full path to export CSV files to: ") csvPath = GetFolderName("Choose the folder to export CSV files to:") If csvPath = "" Then MsgBox ("You didn't choose an export directory. Nothing will be exported.") Exit Sub End If For Each wsSheet In Worksheets wsSheet.Activate nFileNum = FreeFile Open csvPath & "\" & _ wsSheet.Name & ".csv" For Output As #nFileNum ExportToTextFile CStr(nFileNum), Sep, False Close nFileNum Next wsSheet End Sub Public Sub ExportToTextFile(nFileNum As Integer, _ Sep As String, SelectionOnly As Boolean) Dim WholeLine As String Dim RowNdx As Long Dim ColNdx As Integer Dim StartRow As Long Dim EndRow As Long Dim StartCol As Integer Dim EndCol As Integer Dim CellValue As String Application.ScreenUpdating = False On Error GoTo EndMacro: If SelectionOnly = True Then With Selection StartRow = .Cells(1).Row StartCol = .Cells(1).Column EndRow = .Cells(.Cells.Count).Row EndCol = .Cells(.Cells.Count).Column End With Else With ActiveSheet.UsedRange StartRow = .Cells(1).Row StartCol = .Cells(1).Column EndRow = .Cells(.Cells.Count).Row EndCol = .Cells(.Cells.Count).Column End With End If For RowNdx = StartRow To EndRow WholeLine = "" For ColNdx = StartCol To EndCol If Cells(RowNdx, ColNdx).Value = "" Then CellValue = "" Else CellValue = Cells(RowNdx, ColNdx).Value End If WholeLine = WholeLine & CellValue & Sep Next ColNdx WholeLine = Left(WholeLine, Len(WholeLine) - Len(Sep)) Print #nFileNum, WholeLine Next RowNdx EndMacro: On Error GoTo 0 Application.ScreenUpdating = True End Sub 

@AlexDuggleby:你不需要复制工作表,你可以直接保存它们。 例如:

 Public Sub SaveWorksheetsAsCsv() Dim WS As Excel.Worksheet Dim SaveToDirectory As String SaveToDirectory = "C:\" For Each WS In ThisWorkbook.Worksheets WS.SaveAs SaveToDirectory & WS.Name, xlCSV Next End Sub 

只有潜在的问题是,将工作簿保存为最后一个csv文件。 如果您需要保留原始工作簿,则需要另存为。

这里是我的解决scheme应该使用Excel> 2000,但只在2007年进行testing:

 Private Sub SaveAllSheetsAsCSV() On Error GoTo Heaven ' each sheet reference Dim Sheet As Worksheet ' path to output to Dim OutputPath As String ' name of each csv Dim OutputFile As String Application.ScreenUpdating = False Application.DisplayAlerts = False Application.EnableEvents = False ' ask the user where to save OutputPath = InputBox("Enter a directory to save to", "Save to directory", Path) If OutputPath <> "" Then ' save for each sheet For Each Sheet In Sheets OutputFile = OutputPath & "\" & Sheet.Name & ".csv" ' make a copy to create a new book with this sheet ' otherwise you will always only get the first sheet Sheet.Copy ' this copy will now become active ActiveWorkbook.SaveAs FileName:=OutputFile, FileFormat:=xlCSV, CreateBackup:=False ActiveWorkbook.Close Next End If Finally: Application.ScreenUpdating = True Application.DisplayAlerts = True Application.EnableEvents = True Exit Sub Heaven: MsgBox "Couldn't save all sheets to CSV." & vbCrLf & _ "Source: " & Err.Source & " " & vbCrLf & _ "Number: " & Err.Number & " " & vbCrLf & _ "Description: " & Err.Description & " " & vbCrLf GoTo Finally End Sub 

(OT:我想知道是否会取代我的一些小博客)

在Graham的答案的基础上,额外的代码将工作簿保存在其原始格式的原始位置。

 Public Sub SaveWorksheetsAsCsv() Dim WS As Excel.Worksheet Dim SaveToDirectory As String Dim CurrentWorkbook As String Dim CurrentFormat As Long CurrentWorkbook = ThisWorkbook.FullName CurrentFormat = ThisWorkbook.FileFormat ' Store current details for the workbook SaveToDirectory = "C:\" For Each WS In ThisWorkbook.Worksheets WS.SaveAs SaveToDirectory & WS.Name, xlCSV Next Application.DisplayAlerts = False ThisWorkbook.SaveAs Filename:=CurrentWorkbook, FileFormat:=CurrentFormat Application.DisplayAlerts = True ' Temporarily turn alerts off to prevent the user being prompted ' about overwriting the original file. End Sub 

从Alex回答的一个小修改是打开和closures自动计算。

令人惊讶的是,未经修改的代码与VLOOKUP正常工作,但失败与OFFSET。 此外,closures自动计算function可大幅节省成本。

 Public Sub SaveAllSheetsAsCSV() On Error GoTo Heaven ' each sheet reference Dim Sheet As Worksheet ' path to output to Dim OutputPath As String ' name of each csv Dim OutputFile As String Application.ScreenUpdating = False Application.DisplayAlerts = False Application.EnableEvents = False ' Save the file in current director OutputPath = ThisWorkbook.Path If OutputPath <> "" Then Application.Calculation = xlCalculationManual ' save for each sheet For Each Sheet In Sheets OutputFile = OutputPath & Application.PathSeparator & Sheet.Name & ".csv" ' make a copy to create a new book with this sheet ' otherwise you will always only get the first sheet Sheet.Copy ' this copy will now become active ActiveWorkbook.SaveAs Filename:=OutputFile, FileFormat:=xlCSV, CreateBackup:=False ActiveWorkbook.Close Next Application.Calculation = xlCalculationAutomatic End If Finally: Application.ScreenUpdating = True Application.DisplayAlerts = True Application.EnableEvents = True Exit Sub Heaven: MsgBox "Couldn't save all sheets to CSV." & vbCrLf & _ "Source: " & Err.Source & " " & vbCrLf & _ "Number: " & Err.Number & " " & vbCrLf & _ "Description: " & Err.Description & " " & vbCrLf GoTo Finally End Sub 

请查看Von Pookie的答案 ,所有的信用给他/她。

  Sub asdf() Dim ws As Worksheet, newWb As Workbook Application.ScreenUpdating = False For Each ws In Sheets(Array("EID Upload", "Wages with Locals Upload", "Wages without Local Upload")) ws.Copy Set newWb = ActiveWorkbook With newWb .SaveAs ws.Name, xlCSV .Close (False) End With Next ws Application.ScreenUpdating = True End Sub 
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